The Cambridge IGCSE (International General Certificate of Secondary Education) and the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) are two widely recognized curricula that are followed by schools around the world. While both curricula offer a comprehensive education, some key differences between the two may make one a better fit for certain students and schools.

  • Cambridge IGCSEis a globally recognized qualification that is equivalent to the UK's General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE). 
  • The curriculum is offered by the University of Cambridge's International Examinations division. 
  • It is widely recognized by universities, employers, and education systems around the world.
  • It is a valuable qualification for students who want to pursue further education or employment.
  • The CBSE is a national-level board of education in India that is responsible for conducting the Secondary School Certificate (SSC) and the Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) examinations. 
  • Recognized within India and accepted by universities and employers within the country.
  • Recognition may vary outside of India, as it is not as widely known as other international qualifications.
  • The design is flexible & can be tailored to the needs of individual schools and students.
  • It allows schools to offer a customized curriculum that meets the needs and interests of their students.
  • Offers a practical focus and provides broad guidelines for curriculum development. 
  • Schools affiliated with the CBSE have some flexibility in terms of how they implement the curriculum and whether they can add additional subjects.
Balanced education
  • The curriculum is designed to provide a comprehensive education that covers a wide range of subject areas, including languages, sciences, humanities, and the arts.
  • Covers a range of subjects, including languages, sciences, humanities, and the arts, it has a more practical focus and emphasizes vocational and technical skills. As a result, it isn't as balanced.
Encourages critical thinking
  • The curriculum places a strong emphasis on critical thinking and problem-solving skills, which are valuable skills in today's global economy. 
  • The CBSE curriculum places a strong emphasis on and encourages students to ask questions, explore ideas, and develop their own understanding of concepts.
  • Provides a range of resources and supports to schools that offer the Cambridge IGCSE, including teacher training, exam preparation materials, and guidance on the curriculum.
  • CBSE provides support to affiliated schools through teacher training and the development of curriculum materials.
Approach to Learning
  • Designed to encourage students to think independently and develop their own opinions, as well as to analyze and evaluate information and arguments. 
  • Promotes the development of critical thinking skills in students through the use of various teaching methods and activities. It recommends the use of interactive and inquiry-based approaches to teaching and learning.
  • Periodic Assessments 
  • CAIE administers evaluations at the conclusion of each level (Primary, Lower Secondary, IGCSE, AS and A Levels). All other evaluations are done at the school level.
  • Written exams include extended-response questions.
  • Continuous Assessments
  • At the end of secondary (Grade 10) and senior secondary (Grade 12), the Board administers public examinations. All other evaluations are done at the school level.
  • Written exams may include multiple-choice questions, short-answer questions, and extended-response questions. 
Competitive Examinations
  • Improves a variety of talents such as analytical thinking, logical reasoning, verbal ability, and so on, which are essential to pass many national and international competitive tests.
  • It lays the groundwork for competitive examinations in India such as IIT-JEE, NEET, UPSC, CLAT, and others.


The Cambridge IGCSE and CBSE curricula are internationally recognized but they have some significant differences that may affect a student's educational journey. India follows a CBSE curriculum and takes a more structured and centralized approach. The Cambridge IGCSE is followed in international schools around the world and follows a more flexible and diversified approach. The age at which students start their education also differs between the two curricula.

Recents Property


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